The hottest industrial robot industry in China blo

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At present, China's industrial robot industry is booming. The huge market contained in the robot industry is siphoning social capital and technology. Although the opportunity is huge, the industrial robot field, which shoulders the possibility of subverting the traditional manufacturing industry, is still facing very cruel realities and challenges

blooming everywhere

as the world's largest manufacturing base, China's robot industry development pattern has shown a situation of competition

as early as ten years ago, foreign robot enterprises have begun to layout in China's Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta. Initially, they explored the market in the mode of agents, gradually established R & D centers and engineering centers, and then established their own production base when there is a certain market demand. At present, the four robot enterprises of KUKA in Germany, FANUC in Japan, abb in Switzerland and Yaskawa have all entered the Chinese market, and the robot and supporting enterprises in Italy, the United States and South Korea have also deployed in the Chinese market

in the Chinese market, ABB Robot has the most complete varieties, many models and high market share. In terms of price, foreign brands such as abb and KUKA are relatively high. Now, benefiting from the decline of robot cost curve, foreign giants represented by KUKA and ABB have begun to adopt the strategy of reducing product prices to further enhance market share in order to accelerate the localization layout in China

while foreign enterprises have made themselves more suitable for the Chinese market ecology through local enterprises, domestic enterprises are also scrambling for the beach. A survey conducted by the Ministry of industry and information technology in early 2016 showed that there were more than 800 enterprises involved in robot production and integrated applications in China. There are also many independent brands of robots in China. Shenyang Xinsong, Guangzhou CNC, Changsha Changtai, Anhui EFT, Kunshan Huaheng, Beijing Institute of mechanical automation and a few dozen other enterprises with a certain scale and level

from 2014 to 2015, local governments have successively issued nearly 80 policies related to the development of robot industry, and as many as 42 robot related industrial parks have been built or planned nationwide. Since then, in 2016, Chinese robot enterprises have blossomed everywhere. According to statistics, as of September, the number of robot enterprises in China has increased to 4325, an increase of 12.58%

it is not only the east wind in policy, but also the government's attention to the robot industry has entered the capital field. Many local governments have issued preferential policies, such as the robot industrial park can use land for free, plus financial subsidies, each machine can even get a 20% subsidy

according to the data provided by the Russian Robot Association, the growth rate of China's industrial robot supply has reached 17% from 2000 to 2015. The density of robots has also reached 49 per 10000 people in China. According to the data of Industrial Research Institute, the output value of domestic robots reached 1.64 billion yuan in 2015, and the demand in 2015 was 65000 units, the market share increased to 15%, and the growth rate of output value reached 55%

The great leap forward driven by capital has also been questioned. Yao Zhiju, Secretary General of China's national robot testing and evaluation center, pointed out that the robot industry is worried about overheating

the shape of the future industry

however, there is an opportunity behind the disorder of the industry in the initial stage. The disruptive role of the robot industry in the manufacturing industry may become a channel for enterprises to become oligarchs

the Christian Science Monitor published an article in November saying that although President elect trump accused us of no longer manufacturing anything, the manufacturing industry is still very prosperous in the United States. The problem is that factories don't need as many people as before, because now many jobs are done by machines

Howard Schatz, a senior economist at Rand, an American think tank, believes that we are producing more with less manpower. For example, General Motors now employs only a third of the 600000 people in the 1970s. But it produces more cars and trucks than ever before

Foxconn, Apple's largest OEM partner, recently revealed that Apple may relocate Chinese OEM production to the United States and will adopt a robot assembly scheme. Although the above statement cannot be confirmed, the economic significance of robot technology is beyond doubt, and the manufacturing industry in the United States is also being redefined

it is not only the United States that has been redefined. Dongguan, a typical representative of China's traditional manufacturing industry, used to be internationally renowned for its shoemaking industry. However, in the face of rising human costs, the industry is facing difficult transformation. Since the government promoted the upgrading of automation, Dongguan has responded positively and launched many machine replacement plans: at present, there are 70 industrial robot R & D and production enterprises in Dongguan, accounting for about 10% of the total number in the country; And intelligent equipment manufacturing enterprises 3. The sliding surface between the inlaid steel plate and the lining plate and the dovetail groove surface on the lining plate should be kept clean. More than 400 enterprises in the industry are expected to have a total output value of more than 35 billion yuan this year. According to the development plan, Dongguan strives to achieve an output value of more than 100billion yuan in the robotics and intelligent equipment industry by 2020, and the added value of advanced manufacturing and high-tech manufacturing accounts for more than 52% and 38% of the added value of industries above Designated Size, respectively

daijiapeng, Foxconn's chief scientist, believes that when artificial intelligence is combined with industrial robots, intelligent industrial robots are born. Integrating different robots on a production line and being able to work together perfectly is exactly the robot human application needed by future industry. We see the future of industry from this new creature. Dai Jiapeng longed

trapped smart today

under the gale of China's manufacturing industry transformation and upgrading, industrial robots seem to usher in the east wind, but for large-scale traditional industrial robots, they are increasingly incompetent in the task of manufacturing precision parts, so they are difficult to adapt to the development of this era of large-scale customization. Lin Jiang, an economics professor at Sun Yat sen University, said frankly that at present, China's machine replacement stage is still in the low-level robot arm to replace manpower, which can only replace some workers who repeatedly operate on the production line

it is precisely because of being trapped in intellectualization that there is a big gap between the tiny sense of existence of robot applications in the Chinese market and the machine replacement that people often hear. Qu Daokui, President of Xinsong robot, said recently that robots have developed for more than half a century, and now the number of robots in the world is only about 2million. From the perspective of robot density, the world average is 60%, while China only reaches about 31%. From the perspective of replacement rate, 99.38% of enterprises are still manual operations, and 99.7% in China have not been replaced, only 0.0% of which can be almost ignored

most of the current industrial robots can only work in some structured environments, and their sensing ability is relatively poor. Engel Berger is the father of industrial robots. He once said that if an automatic device only does one thing, it can't be called a robot, it can only be called automatic. "Dr. Fan said that a real robot should have the ability to do all kinds of different jobs. Huang Zhaoxiong, chief engineer of Changtai robot Co., Ltd., told China business

Tan Yuanzhi, chairman of Wuxi Weiyan precision, told first finance that the current industrial robots are more suitable for completing simple processes such as handling and transmission, and the only limitation is the degree of intelligence. If there are a series of problems such as poor matching, poor application, high maintenance cost, long maintenance cycle and so on, enterprises will face greater costs and losses. It is not difficult for enterprises to make a choice between cost and efficiency

being trapped in intelligence is one of the biggest pain points of the robot industry. Facing this situation, we need more than patience

ZVI Shiller, President of the Israel robotics Association, said that robots, as a multidisciplinary system, need to integrate various technologies of software and hardware to truly realize the industrialization leap from the technology of the laboratory, including the prediction that the demand for power batteries in 2020 is generally 71.7gwh, including some core technologies such as perception, action planning, dynamics, control and mechanical design. Any robot product will go to the market, All need a big team, after a long time

the earliest robot in the world is only a manipulator controller. Since then, with the development of analog sensors, robots can achieve some autonomous decision-making, and then some group intelligence began to appear, from the initial simple industrial robots to later slowly began to carry out some complex interactions. Although most of the robots on the production line or exhibition stand are still in the form of mechanical arms, the degree of intelligence and rich industrial solutions are supporting the development of industrial robots

according to Tu Wei, the former senior manager of Reis robot, the improvement of intelligence is the basis for robots to have different working capabilities, and intelligence comes from the establishment of industrial standards. He told first finance that the establishment of standardization is the basis for realizing the customization and intelligence of robots in the future. From this point of view, industrial robots that can realize automatic production, intelligent identification and system control are becoming a sharp weapon for many equipment manufacturing enterprises to solve the pressure of rising human costs

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